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THE MXHASI GAHGl.                                                 SOS
Crang&j supposed to have been called into existence by the mere action of the
divine will (monasa). At one end the boundary is formed by the jutting crags
of the holy hill; on all other sides the water is approached by long flights of
stone steps. It has frequently been repaired at great cost by the Bajas of
Bharai>pnr ; but is said to have been origlnaEy constructed in its present form
by Baja Man Sinh of Jaypnr5 whose father built the adjoining temple of
Harideva. There is also at Eanaras a tank constructed by Man Sink, called
Man ,Sarovar? and by it a temple dedicated to M4nesYar : facts which suggest
a suspicion that the name * Manasi** is of much less antiquity than is popularly
beEeved. Unfortunately, there is neither a natural spring^ nor any constant
artificial supply of water, and for half the year the tank is always dry. Bat
ordinarily at the annual illumination, or DIp-dan3 which occurs soon after the
close of the rains, during the festiyal of the Diwali, a fine broad sheet of water
reflects the light of the innumerable lamps, which are ranged tier above tier
along the ghats and adjacent buildings, by the hundred thousand pilgrims "with
whom ihe town is then crowded.
Jn the year 1871, as there was no heavy rain towards the* end of the
season, and the festival of the Diwali also fell later than usual, it so happened
that on the bathing day? the 12th of November, the tank was entirely dry,
with the exception of two or three green and muddy little puddles. To obviate
this mischance^ several holes were made and welk sunk in the area of the tank?
with one large pit, some 30 feet square and as many deep, in whose turbid
waters many thousand pilgrims had the happiness of immersing themselves. For
several hours no less than twenty-five persons a minute continued to descend,
and as many to ascend, the steep and slippery steps ; wMle the yet more fetid
patches of mud and water in other parts of the basin were quite as densely
crowded. At night, the vast amphitheatre^ dotted with groups f people- and
glimmering circles of light, presented a no less picturesque appearance than in
previous years when it was a brimming lake. To the spectator from the garden
* In devotional literature ndaari km the sense of * spiritual/ as la the Catholic phrase * spiritual
commnzdon.* Thus it is related ia the Bhakt Mali that Biji Prithiraj, of Bifcauer, being on a
journey and unable to visit the shrine, for vhich lie had a special deTOtioa, imagined himself to
be worshipping in the temple, and made a spiritual act of contemplation before the image (mmrti
M dhyln. mdnasi karte &e). FOE two days Ms aspirations seemed to meet with ao response, bat
on the third lie became conscious of the divine presence. Oa enquiry it* waa found that for two
days the god had been removed elsewhere, while the temple was under repair. He then made 
TOW to end hU days atMathuza. Hie emperor, to spite him, ptti Mai in command of an expedi-
tion to Kabul; but when he felt Ms end approacMngtf lie mounted a camel aad iasteae! back to
the holy city and there expired.